October 21, 2019 3 min read




There are pros and there are cons; life is all about creating balance. Balance, in this case, is knowing that the sun does not have beneficial effects only. It's an incredible feeling to feel the rays of the sun on your skin especially when it supersedes a wet and damp day, however soaking up the rays of the sun can come with health benefits or consequences.






Let's start off with the health consequences:




The damage to your skin can manifest immediately in the form of a sunburn. This develops after just a few hours of over-exposure to the rays of the sun. Keep in mind that the result of the burn includes feeling discomfort, peeling of the skin, the appearance of red parches which is swiftly accompanied by fever. There are different levels of Sunburn, some require first aid and others like heatstroke warrants an emergency medical visit.




Fake tans are everywhere and it doesn't matter the color of your skin, there's a tanning spray bottle for just about everyone. However, for those who choose the old fashion way - sun rays then you need to know that tanning only occurs when the sun has penetrated deeply into the layers of the skin. What this translates to is that the effect of this deep penetration comes as a result of the body's aggressive response.




Everyone who is enlightened knows that there is a huge link between skin cancer and excessive exposure to the sun. This connection has been demonstrated time and time again. The more a person is exposed to the harsh rays of the sun the higher the risk of getting skin cancer. Granted there is some skin cancer prognosis that is easy to threat however there are other's that have cost lives.




Overexposure leads to immediate loss of moisture. At such moments your skin instantly looks wrinkly. Now the wrinkle effect doesn't become permanent at first but knows that your skin is ageing faster this has been explained - according to Jeancoutu.com, the skin cells membrane is damaged by the ultraviolet rays. Aside from destroying the DNA chain, dark spots appearance of dark spots takes over.



Now we know what the health consequences of excessive exposure to the sun are, but not everything is doom and gloom, let's take a look at the health benefits...




The brain has several hormones; sunlight and darkness can trigger the release of anyone. However, serotonin, a hormone which is associated with your mood can be released by being exposed to sunlight. This also means that without exposure to sunlight serotonin levels would take a dip.




Mental Health is such an important conversation right now and a decrease in light can cause people to have major depression. This type of depression is referred to as "major depression with seasonal pattern", a form of depression that is triggered by the change in seasons. To avoid getting depressed the best way is to go out into the sun or get an ultraviolet treatment.




The skin creates vitamin D when exposed to the ultra violet-B radiation found in the sun rays. This vitamin plays a huge role in building strong bones. Low levels of this vitamin have been linked to bone-wasting diseases like osteoporosis and rickets.

According to a 2013 research by scientists in Denmark, sun exposure was linked to cardiovascular disease which is said to be linked to a lack of vitamin D.




According to researchers, there are certain areas where it’s more likely to get cancer due to less daylight than other places that are surrounded by sunlight. So, although excessive amounts of sunlight have an adverse effect, a moderate amount has preventive benefits.





Skin healing is yet another benefit of sunlight, the wrong amount of sunlight can cause your skin to burn but enough exposure would help your skin radiate heal according to world health organization [WHO] Researchers are constantly trying to find both the harmful and non-harmful benefits of the sun ray. It is however left to you as a person to find that balance.







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